Rio de Janeiro (/ˈr di ʒəˈnɛər, d ʒə, də ə/; Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u dʒi ʒɐˈnejɾu];[3] River of January), or simply Rio,[4] is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populousin the Americas. The metropolis is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, the second-most populous metropolitan area in Brazil and sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil’s third-most populous state. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named “Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea“, by UNESCOon 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape.[5]